Video – Generalized anxiety disorder

Length: 3:18

TEXT TRANSCRIPT

Stress is normal and necessary for everyday life. However, when it is too intense and constant over a long period, it becomes a form of anxiety.

There are several types of anxiety disorders, including:

  • panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia)
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • social phobia
  • specific phobia
  • post-traumatic stress disorder
  • generalized anxiety disorder

Anxiety disorders are among the most common types of mental illness in the workplace. Generalized anxiety disorder, or GAD, affects about 5% of the population on its own.

Although this disorder can have a major impact on individuals and companies, there are a number of proven treatments and strategies to combat it.

Generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by excessive and uncontrollable worrying that manifests almost every day and interferes with the normal functioning of the person.

Generalized anxiety disorder can be diagnosed when:

  • worrying is constant during at least six months
  • worries are very difficult to control and relate to several areas (family, work, finances, etc.)
  • relatives notice that the person’s worries are disproportionate
  • several inconveniencing physical symptoms are experienced
  • the anxiety causes distress and impedes functioning

A person with GAD will spend a lot of time worrying about a situation even if it is very unlikely to occur.

Physical symptoms associated with generalized anxiety disorder can include muscle tension, fatigability, trouble concentrating, irritability and disturbed sleep.

However, anxiety can be caused by several factors. That is why a complete medical examination should be conducted first to distinguish GAD from any other condition.

For treating GAD, psychotherapy and medication are recommended and effective methods.

In addition, various anxiety management strategies can be applied. It is recommended to be physically active, eat healthy, set aside time for oneself, focus on the present, revise one’s personal expectations and let go of elements outside one’s control.

To avoid GAD-related absenteeism, presenteeism or productivity problems, employers can also implement various health and wellness promotion strategies.

In all cases, chronic anxiety has a significant impact on the psychological and physical health of an individual. It is important to give it the attention it requires.

To find out more about this topic, we suggest you read the reference document.

In case of any questions, doubts or a specific need for support, don’t hesitate to contact the specialized support service offered to the eligible individuals.